Supported by the government’s agricultural machinery subsidy policy, China’s agricultural machinery industry has developed rapidly in recent years.
1. The total number of agricultural machinery keeps growing
The total power of China’s agricultural machinery was 525.7 million kW in 2000, 684.0 million kW in 2005, 821.9 million kW in 2008, and 875.0 million kW in 2009. In the meantime, the ownership of large and medium-sized tractors increased from 975,000 sets in 2000 to 5.019 million sets in 2009, while the ownership of combine harvesters rose from 235,000 sets to 847,000 sets, at a CAGR of 20.2% and 15.3% respectively.
2. The structure of agricultural machinery has been optimized
With the growth in both the subsidy for and the total number of agricultural machinery, China’s agricultural machinery structure has been continuously improved. On the one hand, agricultural machinery power per hectare had increased gradually to 7.2kW in 2009, up 22.0% compared to 5.9kW in 2007. On the other hand, the large-power, high-performance and compound machinery had witnessed rapid growth.
3. Agricultural mechanization has entered the intermediate stage of development
In 2007, the general agricultural mechanization level, and the ratio of agricultural labor force to total social employment respectively reached 42.5% and 38%, indicating that China’s agricultural mechanization had entered into the intermediate period. In 2009, the general agricultural mechanization level reached 48.8%, and the mechanization of plowing, sowing and harvesting respectively achieved 64%, 40% and 37%.
Meanwhile, China’s three major crops also achieved rapid development in terms of mechanization level. Wheat production has almost achieved complete mechanization, and the production of both rice and corn achieved over 54% of mechanization. In 2009, the general agricultural mechanization level of wheat, rice and corn was respectively 89%, 54.9% and 54.8%.
4. Agricultural service organizations are growing up
After the launch of agricultural machinery subsidy policy, the total number of China’s agricultural machinery cooperative organizations and large agricultural machinery owners increased to 39 million in 2009 from 30.818 million in 2003, and agricultural mechanization income also rose to RMB380 billion in 2009 from RMB226.96 billion in 2003.
Besides worldwide and China’s agricultural machinery development, the report also makes an in-depth analysis of six agricultural machinery products, six key provinces and municipalities, as well as 15 major companies.
By product, tractor, harvesting machinery, field machinery and agricultural transport machinery except pump all witnessed rapid growth in output in 2009. However, major agricultural machinery products had different export performance. For example, wheeled tractor and walking tractor, two traditional export products, both had experienced big fall in export; but harvesting machinery saw a growth in export.
By province and municipality, Shandong, Hebei and Henan are China’s top three agricultural machinery producers, respectively accounting for 12.6%, 11.3% and 11.2% of China’s total agricultural machinery power in 2009, followed by Anhui, Hunan and Jiangsu, separately with 5.8%, 5.0% and 4.4%.
By enterprise, Dcere, CNH and Kubota are the world’s top three agricultural machinery companies, respectively achieving sales of over USD10 billion in 2009. Now, China’s agricultural machinery industry has formed an outstanding enterprise layout after a long-term development: YTO Group Corporation, FOTON LOVOL H.I. and Dongfeng Agricultural Machinery are tractor leaders; Luoyang Zhongshou and Shandong Juming Group are harvester leaders, Shifeng Group and Wuzheng Group are agricultural transport vehicle leaders; and GIFORE is China’s first listed agricultural machinery chain.
Table of Contents
1. Global Agricultural Machinery Industry Development
1.2 Major Countries
1.2.1 The United States
2. China’s Agricultural Machinery Industry Development
2.1 Policy Environment
2.2 Agricultural Machinery Equipment Level
2.2.1 Total Amount
2.3 Agricultural Machinery Mechanization Level
2.3.1 Entering into the Intermediate Stage of Development
2.3.2 Mechanization of Major Grain Crops Production
2.4 Agricultural Machinery Services
2.5 Industry Operation
2.5.2 Segmented Industries
2.5.3 Main Products
3. China’s Major Agricultural Machinery Products
3.1.2 Large and Medium-sized Tractor
3.1.3 Small Tractor
3.2.1 Mechanization Level
3.2.3 Three Major Grain Crops Harvester Market
3.3 Field Machinery
3.4 Agricultural Transport Machinery
3.4.1 Output & Sales
3.5 Drainage and Irrigation Machinery
3.5.1 Agricultural Pump Development Overview
3.5.2 Agricultural Pump Development Prospect
3.6 Controlled Environment Agricultural Machinery
3.6.1 Overview of Controlled Environment Agriculture
3.6.2 Development of Controlled Environment Agricultural Machinery
4. Key Provinces & Municipalities
4.1 Competition Layout
4.2.1 Total Amount of Agricultural Machinery Equipment
4.2.2 Agricultural Machinery Mechanization
4.2.3 Agricultural Machinery Services
4.3.1 Total Amount of Agricultural Machinery Equipment
4.3.2 Agricultural Machinery Mechanization
4.4.1 Total Amount of Agricultural Machinery Equipment
4.4.2 Agricultural Machinery Mechanization
4.5.1 Total Amount of Agricultural Machinery Equipment
4.5.2 Agricultural Machinery Mechanization
4.5.3 Agricultural Machinery Operation
4.6.1 Total Amount of Agricultural Machinery Equipment
4.6.2 Agricultural Machinery Mechanization
4.6.3 Development Strategies
4.7.1 Total Amount of Agricultural Machinery Equipment
4.7.2 Agricultural Machinery Mechanization
4.7.3 Agricultural Machinery Services
4.7.4 Development Strategies
5. Major Foreign Agricultural Machinery Companies
5.2 JOHN DCERE
5.2.3 Development in China
5.3.3 Development in China
5.4.3 Development in China
5.5.3 Development in China
5.6.3 Development in China
5.7 SAME DEUTZ-FAHR
6. China’s Major Agricultural Machinery Companies
6.2 YTO Group Corporation
6.2.3 Competition Advantages
6.3 FOTON LOVOL H.I.
6.3.3 Competition Advantages
6.4 Dongfeng Agricultural Machinery
6.4.3 Development Strategies
6.5 Shifeng Group
6.5.3 Development Strategies
6.6 Wuzheng Group
6.6.3 Development Strategies
6.7 Luoyang Zhongshou
6.7.3 Development Strategies
6.8 Shandong Juming Group
6.9.3 Development Strategies.